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apache2服务器的搭建和配置步骤详解

栏目:Linux/apache问题 时间:2018-10-28 14:14

其实搭建apache2并不难,只是网上的资料有很多都过时了,之前被误导过好几次,走了很多弯路。趁着这次在本地搭建网站的时机重新捋一下思路,也方便以后有需求的时候查阅,需要的朋友可以参考下。

前言

这篇文章主要给大家介绍了在linux下apache2服务器的搭建和配置的相关资料,具有一定的参考价值,下面来一起学习学习吧。

步骤如下

首先当然是下载包包:

myths@myths-X450LD:~$ sudo apt-get install apache2

装完后就可以用了,在地址栏输入本地回送地址127.0.0.1或者localhost就可以进入到默认的界面了。

默认的界面当然就是apache2的说明界面了。其实很多情况下并不需要在网上寻找帮助文档,几乎所有的软件都会自带使用说明,只是略长,我们一般都懒得看。但是其实很多重要的东西就在这当中,比如apache2的默认界面里:

Ubuntu Logo Apache2 Ubuntu Default PageIt works!This is the default welcome page used to test the correct operation of the Apache2 server after installation on Ubuntu systems. It is based on the equivalent page on Debian, from which the Ubuntu Apache packaging is derived. If you can read this page, it means that the Apache HTTP server installed at this site is working properly. You should replace this file (located at /var/www/html/index.html) before continuing to operate your HTTP server.If you are a normal user of this web site and don't know what this page is about, this probably means that the site is currently unavailable due to maintenance. If the problem persists, please contact the site's administrator.Configuration OverviewUbuntu's Apache2 default configuration is different from the upstream default configuration, and split into several files optimized for interaction with Ubuntu tools. The configuration system is fully documented in /usr/share/doc/apache2/README.Debian.gz. Refer to this for the full documentation. Documentation for the web server itself can be found by accessing the manual if the apache2-doc package was installed on this server.The configuration layout for an Apache2 web server installation on Ubuntu systems is as follows:/etc/apache2/|-- apache2.conf|  `-- ports.conf|-- mods-enabled|  |-- *.load|  `-- *.conf|-- conf-enabled|  `-- *.conf|-- sites-enabled|  `-- *.confapache2.conf is the main configuration file. It puts the pieces together by including all remaining configuration files when starting up the web server.ports.conf is always included from the main configuration file. It is used to determine the listening ports for incoming connections, and this file can be customized anytime.Configuration files in the mods-enabled/, conf-enabled/ and sites-enabled/ directories contain particular configuration snippets which manage modules, global configuration fragments, or virtual host configurations, respectively.They are activated by symlinking available configuration files from their respective *-available/ counterparts. These should be managed by using our helpers a2enmod, a2dismod, a2ensite, a2dissite, and a2enconf, a2disconf . See their respective man pages for detailed information.The binary is called apache2\. Due to the use of environment variables, in the default configuration, apache2 needs to be started/stopped with /etc/init.d/apache2 or apache2ctl. Calling /usr/bin/apache2 directly will not work with the default configuration.Document RootsBy default, Ubuntu does not allow access through the web browser to any file apart of those located in /var/www, public_html directories (when enabled) and /usr/share (for web applications). If your site is using a web document root located elsewhere (such as in /srv) you may need to whitelist your document root directory in /etc/apache2/apache2.conf.The default Ubuntu document root is /var/www/html. You can make your own virtual hosts under /var/www. This is different to previous releases which provides better security out of the box.Reporting ProblemsPlease use the ubuntu-bug tool to report bugs in the Apache2 package with Ubuntu. However, check existing bug reports before reporting a new bug.Please report bugs specific to modules (such as PHP and others) to respective packages, not to the web server itself.Valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional
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