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nginx服务器搭建和配置详解

栏目:nginx问题汇总 时间:2018-09-26 16:26

本篇文章主要介绍了nginx服务器搭建和配置详解,小编觉得挺不错的,现在分享给大家,也给大家做个参考。一起跟随小编过来看看吧

一、安装编译工具及库文件

依赖库安装,一定要按照顺序安装:

(1) 如果没有安装c++编译环境

 yum install gcc-c++

(2) ssl 功能需要 openssl 库

wget https://www.openssl.org/source/openssl-1.1.0f.tar.gztar -zxvf openssl-1.1.0f.tar.gzcd openssl-1.1.0f./config make && make install

(3) rewrite 模块需要 pcre 库

wget https://ftp.pcre.org/pub/pcre/pcre-8.01.tar.gztar -zxvf pcre-8.01.tar.gzcd pcre-8.01./configure make && make install

(4) gzip 模块需要 zlib 库

wget https://nchc.dl.sourceforge.net/project/libpng/zlib/1.2.11/zlib-1.2.11.tar.gztar -zxvf zlib-1.2.11.tar.gzcd zlib-1.2.11./configure make && make install

(4) nginx安装

wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.12.1.tar.gztar -zxvf nginx-1.12.1.tar.gzcd nginx-1.12.1./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx make && make install

二、设置依赖库连接

如果输入语句:./usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx出现错误:

error while loading shared libraries: libpcre.so.0: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

可输入:

whereis libpcre.so.1

结果:libpcre.so: /lib64/libpcre.so.1 /usr/local/lib/libpcre.so /usr/local/lib/libpcre.so.0

再使用ln命令,将libpcre.so.0,libpcre.so和libpcre.so.1连接到lib64目录下:

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libpcre.so.0 /lib64

三、Nginx 配置

创建 Nginx 运行使用的用户 www:

/usr/sbin/groupadd www/usr/sbin/useradd -g www www

配置ngix.conf, 输入:vi /usr/local/webserver/nginx/conf/nginx.conf的内容修改为:

user www www;worker_processes 2;error_log ../error.log;pid    /usr/local/nginx/nginx.pid;worker_rlimit_nofile 65535;events {  use epoll;  worker_connections 65535;}http {  include    mime.types;  default_type application/octet-stream;  log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '           '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '           '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"'; server_names_hash_bucket_size 128; client_header_buffer_size 32k; large_client_header_buffers 4 32k; client_max_body_size 8m; sendfile on; tcp_nopush on; keepalive_timeout 60; tcp_nodelay on; fastcgi_connect_timeout 300; fastcgi_send_timeout 300; fastcgi_read_timeout 300; fastcgi_buffer_size 64k; fastcgi_buffers 4 64k; fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k; fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 128k; gzip on;  gzip_min_length 1k; gzip_buffers 4 16k; gzip_http_version 1.0; gzip_comp_level 2; gzip_types text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml; gzip_vary on; server  {    listen    80;//端口    server_name localhost;//域名    index test.html index.htm index.php;//解析网页名称    root /usr/local/nginx/html; #站点目录  location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$  {   #fastcgi_pass unix:/tmp/php-cgi.sock;   fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;   fastcgi_index index.php;   include fastcgi.conf;  }  location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf|ico)$  {   expires 30d; # access_log off;  }  location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$  {   expires 15d;  # access_log off;  }  access_log off; }}
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