当前位置 主页 > 服务器问题 > nginx问题汇总 > 最大化 缩小

    Nginx 运维—域名验证的方法

    栏目:nginx问题汇总 时间:2018-12-12 15:04

      各公众平台在配置接口域名时会验证开发者对域名的配置权, 生成随机的文本及字符串,让放置在域名根目录可以通过域名直接访问到即通过验证。
      示例为验证域名 abc.com 可以通过根路由访问 6CysNYj8Hb.txt 响应体为字符串 01df2ddab4774ba2676a5563ccb79ffa。
      $ curl https://abc.com/6CysNYj8Hb.txt
      01df2ddab4774ba2676a5563ccb79ffa
      方案一
      配置有 root 的 server,直接把随机文档放置在该目录下即可,不需要重启 nginx 服务。
      方案二
      匹配路由,指定随机文档所在目录, 需要重启 nginx。
      location ——* 6CysNYj8Hb\.txt {
      root /data/ftp;
      }
      方案三(推荐)
      匹配路由,直接返回需要验证的随机字符串,需要重启 nginx。
      location = /6CysNYj8Hb.txt {
      default_type text/html;
      return 200 '01df2ddab4774ba2676a5563ccb79ffa';
      }
      补充:Nginx域名重定向
      1、更改配置文件test.com.conf
      [root@jimmylinux-001 vhost]# vim test.com.conf
      server
      {
      listen 80;
      server_name test.com test2.com test3.com;
      index index.html index.htm index.php;
      root /data/wwwroot/test.com;
      if ($host != 'test.com' ) {
      rewrite ^/(.*)$ http://test.com/$1 permanent;
      }
      }
      2、curl测试
      [root@jimmylinux-001 vhost]# /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t
      nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok
      nginx: configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf test is successful
      [root@jimmylinux-001 vhost]# /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload
      [root@jimmylinux-001 vhost]# curl -x127.0.0.1:80 test2.com/index.html -I
      HTTP/1.1 301 Moved Permanently
      Server: nginx/1.12.1
      Date: Thu, 07 Jun 2018 16:47:36 GMT
      Content-Type: text/html
      Content-Length: 185
      Connection: keep-alive
      Location: http://test.com/index.html
      [root@jimmylinux-001 vhost]# curl -x127.0.0.1:80 test2.com/admin/index.html -I
      HTTP/1.1 301 Moved Permanently
      Server: nginx/1.12.1
      Date: Thu, 07 Jun 2018 16:48:08 GMT
      Content-Type: text/html
      Content-Length: 185
      Connection: keep-alive
      Location: http://test.com/admin/index.html
      [root@jimmylinux-001 vhost]# curl -x127.0.0.1:80 test3.com/admin/index.html/adjlfj -I
      HTTP/1.1 301 Moved Permanently
      Server: nginx/1.12.1
      Date: Thu, 07 Jun 2018 16:48:35 GMT
      Content-Type: text/html
      Content-Length: 185
      Connection: keep-alive
      Location: http://test.com/admin/index.html/adjlfj
      [root@jimmylinux-001 vhost]# curl -x127.0.0.1:80 test4.com/admin/index.html/adjlfj -I
      HTTP/1.1 404 Not Found
      Server: nginx/1.12.1
      Date: Thu, 07 Jun 2018 16:48:43 GMT
      Content-Type: text/html
      Content-Length: 169
      Connection: keep-alive